Multiparametric plasma EV profiling facilitates diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is usually detected late in the disease process. Clinical workup through imaging and tissue biopsies is often complex and expensive due to a paucity of reliable biomarkers. We used an advanced multiplexed plasmonic assay to analyze circulating tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (tEVs) in more than 100 clinical populations. Using EV-based protein marker profiling, we identified a signature of five markers (PDAC(EV) signature) for PDAC detection. In our prospective cohort, the accuracy for the PDAC(EV) signature was 84% [95% confidence interval (CI), 69 to 93%] but only 63 to 72% for single-marker screening. One of the best markers, GPC1 alone, had a sensitivity of 82% (CI, 60 to 95%) and a specificity of 52% (CI, 30 to 74%), whereas the PDAC(EV) signature showed a sensitivity of 86% (CI, 65 to 97%) and a specificity of 81% (CI, 58 to 95%). The PDAC(EV) signature of tEVs offered higher sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy than the existing serum marker (CA 19-9) or single-tEV marker analyses. This approach should improve the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.

Investigators
Abbreviation
Sci Transl Med
Publication Date
2017-05-24
Volume
9
Issue
391
Pubmed ID
28539469
Medium
Print
Full Title
Multiparametric plasma EV profiling facilitates diagnosis of pancreatic malignancy.
Authors
Yang KS, Im H, Hong S, Pergolini I, Del Castillo AF, Wang R, Clardy S, Huang CH, Pille C, Ferrone S, Yang R, Castro CM, Lee H, Del Castillo CF, Weissleder R