Asthma-susceptibility variants identified using probands in case-control and family-based analyses.

BACKGROUND

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease whose genetic basis has been explored for over two decades, most recently via genome-wide association studies. We sought to find asthma-susceptibility variants by using probands from a single population in both family-based and case-control association designs.

METHODS

We used probands from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP) in two primary genome-wide association study designs: (1) probands were combined with publicly available population controls in a case-control design, and (2) probands and their parents were used in a family-based design. We followed a two-stage replication process utilizing three independent populations to validate our primary findings.

RESULTS

We found that single nucleotide polymorphisms with similar case-control and family-based association results were more likely to replicate in the independent populations, than those with the smallest p-values in either the case-control or family-based design alone. The single nucleotide polymorphism that showed the strongest evidence for association to asthma was rs17572584, which replicated in 2/3 independent populations with an overall p-value among replication populations of 3.5E-05. This variant is near a gene that encodes an enzyme that has been implicated to act coordinately with modulators of Th2 cell differentiation and is expressed in human lung.

CONCLUSIONS

Our results suggest that using probands from family-based studies in case-control designs, and combining results of both family-based and case-control approaches, may be a way to augment our ability to find SNPs associated with asthma and other complex diseases.

Investigators
Abbreviation
BMC Med. Genet.
Publication Date
2010-08-10
Volume
11
Page Numbers
122
Pubmed ID
20698975
Medium
Electronic
Full Title
Asthma-susceptibility variants identified using probands in case-control and family-based analyses.
Authors
Himes BE, Lasky-Su J, Wu AC, Wilk JB, Hunninghake GM, Klanderman B, Murphy AJ, Lazarus R, Soto-Quiros ME, Avila L, Celedón JC, Lange C, O'Connor GT, Raby BA, Silverman EK, Weiss ST